COURSE TITLE

From Mythos to Logos / 2014-15  Spring Semester /                    Home Page   /     For Turkish click here

Level of Course

PHIL 2130 / Undergraduate 2. Class, IV. Semester Elective Course   / Department of Philosophy / ECTS: 4.

Course Lecturer

Metin Bal, Associate Prof.

 

Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Letters, Dokuz Eylül Üniversity, Tınaztepe Campus,

Postal Code: 35370 , İzmir, TURKEY,

Mobile: (++ 90) 506 536 00 30, Phone : ++ 90 (232) 412 79 03  - Extension number: 19411,

Fax: ++ 90 (232) 453 90 93

Web: www.metinbal.net , balmetin@gmail.com

Course Objectives

To Examine into the major works of mythology and to investigate the meaning of mythology for philosophers.The first cosmological models introduced by the presocratics will be discussed. In a broader cultural context the contribution of mythology to the development of philosophical thinking will be examined. The roots of principles of the rational philosophical mind tried to be explored in mythological texts.

INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES       

Knowledge gained

The participants learn the relation of mythology to philosophy.

 

 

TEACHING MATERIAL

Major works of mythology, texts of Greek, Roman and modern philosophers.

Assessment and Evaluation

The students will be graded according to one written midterm and one written final exams.

Course Content

   

WEEKLY BASED DETAILED COURSE CONTENTS                                                                                                                    

   

1. week

Cosmogony and Theogony in Greek Mythology: Hesiod's Theogony and Cosmogony.

2. Human Being in Greek Myth   
  Human Knowledge and Divine Knowledge    
  Mythology and  The Call to Virtue    
3 The Place of Tragedy in Mythology and The Prometheus Bound
4-5 Homer's Iliad.
6 Odysseus' Journey. Homer's Odyssey.
7

Conflict Between Antigon and Creon.  Sophocles' Antigon.

  Destiny of Oedipus. Sophocles' Oedipus The King
8 Plato's use of myth in the Republic

"Otoriteyi Sorgulayan Bir Kimse Arayışında Sokrates. Platon’un Kriton Diyaloğu Üzerine", Metin Bal. ss. 131-144. ÖZNE, Felsefe Bilim ve Sanat Yazıları. Sayı: 24. Kitap-Bahar 2016: PLATON. ISBN: 9786059706643, sayfa sayısı: 576. Konya: Çizgi Kitabevi. Sayı editörü: Arş. Gör. Birdal Akar. The Philosopher's Index.

  Cicero, Nature of Gods.
9 The Birth of Gods According to Hebrew and Christian Texts: Feuerbach.
10 Nietzsche's Understanding of Dionysos and Apollo
11 Psychoanalytic interpretation of Greek Mythology: Freud
  "Düşünme ve Varoluş Bakımından Çağdaş İnsanın Doğayla Bağını Frank Baum’un Oz Büyücüsü Masalı Yoluyla Anlamak", Metin Bal. Mavi Atlas, Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Elektronik Dergisi (e-ISSN: 2148-5322), Sayı 6 (2016), DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18795/ma.42118, indeks bilgileri: "Advanced Science Index," "CiteFactor," “Polish Scholarly Bibliography," "Research Bible,"  “Türk Eğitim İndeksi.”, ss. 145-157.

12

Greek Mythology in Camus' The Myth of Sisyphus

13

Bertolt Brecht's Sophocles' Antigone

"Bertolt Brecht’in Epik Tiyatro Kuramının Felsefi Bir Yorumu", Metin Bal, Baykuş Felsefe Yazıları Dergisi, Devrim ve Felsefe sayısı, Yıl: 2009, Sayı: 4. Alef Yayınları, İstanbul. ss. 127 - 147.

Greek Mythology in Sartre's Flies

14

Mythology and The Dialectics of Enlightenment

Home Page

 
 

Selected Bibliography (Primary and Secondary Sources)

 

  Snell, Bruno (1953) The Discovery of the Mind, The Greek Origins of European Thought, tr.by T.G. Rosenmeyer, Cambridge: Harvard Uni. Press.
  Homeros (2005) İlyada, çev. Azra Erhat / A.Kadir, İstanbul: Can Yayınları.
  Homeros (2005) Odysseia, çev. Azra Erhat / A. Kadir, İstanbul: Can Yayınları.
  Aiskhylos, (2000) Zincire Vurulmuş Prometheus, çev. Azra Erhat, S. Eyuboğlu, İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası Yayınları.
  Aiskhülos (2010) Oresteia (Agememnon, Adak Sunucular, Eumenidler) çev. Yılmaz Onay, İstanbul: Mitos-Boyut Yayınları.
  Dilmen, Güngör, (Der.), (2005) Eski Yunan Tragedyaları 1, Aiskhülos Persler & Sofokles Antigone, çev. Güngör Dilmen, İstanbul: Mitos-Boyut Tiyatro Yayınları.
  Euripides, (2003) Bakkhalar, Çev. Sabahattin Eyuboğlu, İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  Cicero (2012) Tanrıların Doğası, Çev. Çiğdem Menzilcioğlu, İstanbul: Kabalcı Yayınevi.
 

Vernant, Jean-Pierre (1994) The Origins of Greek Thought, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

The Historical Background, Mycenaean Royalty, The Crisis of Sovereignty

The Spiritual Universe of the Polis, The Crisis of the City, The Structure of the Human Cosmos

Cosmogonies and Myths of Sovereignty, The New Image of the World

  Thomson, George: İlk Filozoflar, Eski Yunan Toplumu Üstüne İncelemeler, çev. Mehmet H. Doğan, İstanbul: Payel Yayınevi, 1997.
  Vernant, Jean-Pierre - Naquet, Pierre Vidal (2012) Eski Yunan'da Mit ve Tragedya, çev. Sevgi Tamgüç-Reşat Fuat Çam, İstanbul: Kabalcı.
  Hesiodos (2010) İşler ve Günler, ss. 47-77. çev. Furkan Akderin, İstanbul: Sosyal Yayınlar.
  Hesiodos (2010) Tanrıların Doğuşu (Kozmogonia) ss.7-43, çev. Furkan Akderin, İstanbul: Sosyal Yayınlar.

Home Page

 

Kranz, Walter (1984) Antik Felsefe. çev. Suad Y. Baydur, İstanbu: Sosyal Yayınları.

İçindekiler:
Kısım I
I. Homeros Filozof Olarak, II. Dünyanın Doğuşu ve Biçimi Üzerine Eski Öğretiler
III. Eski Özlü Sözler Ahlakı, IV. Milet'li Filozoflar (Thales, Anaximandros, Anaximenes, Tanınmayan Bir Eski İyonyalının Kosmologiasından) V. Pythagoras ve Eski Pythagorasçılar
VI. Ksenophanes, VII. Herakleitos, VIII. Parmenides ve Öğrencileri, IX. Empedokles
X. Sonraki Pythagorasçılar
Kısım II
XI. Anaksagoras, XII. İyonya Felsefesini Yenileyenler, XIII. Atomistler,
XIV. Bilimsel İyonya Hekimliği, XV. Sofistlik,
XVI. Trajedi Yol Gösterici ve Felsefenin Ardılı Olarak
Ek: Sokrates'ten Önceki Felsefenin Geçe-gelişi

 

Hesiod (1991) The Works and Days, Theogony, The Shield of Herakles, tr. by Richmond Lattimore, The University of Michigan Press.

  Diogenes Laertius, Vitae Philosophorum, ed. H. S. Long, 2 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1964 (repr. 1966)).
 

Barnes, J. (1982), The Presocratic Philosophers (2nd edn.; London: Routledge & Kegan Paul).

--- (1987), Early Greek Philosophy (Harmondsworth: Penguin).

Burnet, J. (1930), Early Greek Philosophy (4th edn.; London: Black).

Cartledge, Paul (1998), Democritus and Atomistic Politics (London: Phoenix).

Cherniss, H. (1935), Aristotle's criticism of Presocratic Philosophy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press).

Curd, P. and Graham, D. W. (eds.) (2008), The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Diels, H. and Kranz, W. (eds.) (1951-2), Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker 3 vols. (6th edn., Berlin: Weidmann).

Graham, D. W. (2006), Explaining the Cosmos : the Ionian Tradition of Scientific Philosophy (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Gregory, A. (2001), Eureka! The Birth of Science (Cambridge: Icon).

Hussey, E. (1972), The Presocratics (London: Duckworth).

Kahn, C. H. (ed.), (1979), The Art and Thought of Heraclitus : an edition of the fragments with translation and commentary (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

--- (2001), Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans (Indianapolis: Hackett).

Lloyd, G. E. R.  (1979), Magic, Reason and Experience: Studies in the Origin and Development of Greek Science (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Long, A. A. (ed.), (1999), The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

McKirahan, R. D. (1994), Philosophy Before Socrates (Indianapolis: Hackett).

Mourelatos, A. P. D. (1974), The Pre-Socratics: a Collection of Critical Essays (New York: Anchor Press).

Taylor, C. C. W. (1997), Routledge History of Philosophy, Vol. I: From the Beginning to Plato (London and New York: Routledge).

West, M. L. (1971), Early Greek Philosophy and the Orient (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

  Aydınlanmanın Diyalektiği, Adorno, Theodor W. & Horkheimer, Max, (2010) çev. Nihat Ülner ve Elif Öztarhan Karadoğan, İstanbul: Kabalcı Yayınevi.

Exams

Place: , Time:

 

Home Page