Philosophy of Being:

Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Letters, Department of Philosophy, Undergraduate Program, Must/Required Course for II.Class - III. Semester,  / PHIL 2001

Course instructor:

Prof. Dr. Metin BAL, Postal address: Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Tınaztepe Kampüsü, Öğretim Üyeleri Binası,  Kat: 3, Felsefe Bölümü, oda no: 328, PK: 35260, Buca, İzmir, Türkiye. Tel: ++90 (232) 41279 03, Extention: 19411, Fax: ++90 (232) 453 90 93,

balmetin@gmail.com, metin.bal@deu.edu.tr,  www.metinbal.net

Office hours:  Tuesday: 8:30-9:15, Thursday: 8:30-9:15.


National Credit: 4 / ECTS: 8

Course Objective:

The objective of this course is to introduce the basic questions of the ontology by showing the solutions of these questions that are proposed by philosophers

Learning Outcomes:

1. At the end of the course, the students will be able to distinguish ontology from other disciplines of philosophy

2. know the basic problems of ontology and solutions of them

3. distinguish different modes of being

4. be able to relate ontology to the epistemology it is based on,

5. explain the basic problems of ontology and the solutions of these problems that are proposed by philosophers to other people.

Assessment Criteria:

The student' performance will be evaluated by the questions that will be asked in midterm and final exams.

The students' performance will be evaluated by his/her presentation and paper.

Course policies and rules:

%70 attendance is required. The participation in midterm and final exams will be considered in grading. The participation in presentation activity will be considered in grading.






The subject matter of ontology


Conceps of being and existence


Modes of being, types of being


Plato's ontology


Aristotle's ontology


Ontology in Middle Ages


Ontology in the Renaissance


Midterm exam


Ontology in 17th and 18th Centuries


Ontology in 17th and 18th Centuries


Ontology in 19th Century


Ontology in 19th Century


Ontology in 20th Century


Ontology in 20th Century




Textbooks /References / Course Materials


Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, Vorlesungen über die Geschichte der Philosophie, Erster Band, 1971, Verlag Philipp Reclam jun.Leipzig.

Plato (1997) Republic, tr. by John Llewelyn Davies and David James Vaughan with an Introduction by Stephen Watt, London: Wordsworth Editions Limited.

Aristotle (2002) Metaphysics, tr. by Joe Sachs, Santa Fe, New Mexico: Green Lion Press.

Heidegger, Martin (1990) Aristotle's Metaphysics Θ 1-3, On the Essence and Actuality of Force, tr. by Walter Brogan and Peter Warnek, Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Heidegger, Martin (2001) Phenomenological Interpretations of Aristotle, Initiation into Phenomenological Research, tr. by Richard Rojcewicz, Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Augustinus (2010) Confessiones - İtiraflar, çev. Çiğdem Dürüşken, İstanbul: Kabalcı Yayınevi.

Copleston, Frederick (2011) A History of Philosophy, Vol. 2, Medieval Philosophy, London: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Maurice De Wulf, (Nominalism, Realism, Conceptualism): nuda intellecta ve subsistentia.

Williams, Paul & Tribe, Anthony & Wynne, Alexander (2012) Buddhist Thought, A Complete Introduction to the Indian Tradition, London: Routledge.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Lectures On the History of Philosophy, Vol.III, Medieval and Modern Philosophy, tr. by R.F.Brown and J.M. Stewart, University of California Press, Oxford, 1990.

“On The Way to a “Common” Language? Heidegger’s Dialogue with a Japenese Visitor”, Zhang Wei.


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